Sagittal imbalance include: low back pain, difficulty walking, and inability to continually look straight ahead when upright. In some cases, sagittal imbalance may be associated with conditions that can put pressure on spinal nerves, leading to weakness, numbness, or pain. Some cases of sagittal imbalance progress, or get worse over time; severe cases can cause difficulty with breathing.
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a rare type of arthritis that causes pain and stiffness in your spine. This condition usually starts in your lower back. It can spread up to your neck or damage joints in other parts of your body.
Cervical spine instability in children is rare but not exceptional and may be due to many factors. Although it mostly occurs at the upper cervical spine, all vertebrae from the occiput to T1 may be involved. It may be acute or chronic, occurring secondary to trauma or due to congenital anomaly, skeletal or metabolic dystrophy or rheumatoid arthritis.
Flatback syndrome, a condition where the lower spine loses some of its normal curvature, can be a significant source of disability, affecting stance and gait, and resulting in significant pain.
In severe scoliosis, growth becomes asymmetrical as a result of growth plate disorganization. Complex spinal deformities alter growth spine cartilage and vertebral bodies become progressively distorted and can perpetuate the disorder.
A fracture or dislocation of a vertebra can cause bone fragments to pinch and damage the spinal nerves or spinal cord. Depending on how severe your injury is, you may experience pain, difficulty walking, or be unable to move your arms or legs
Degenerative disc disease is an age-related condition that happens when one or more of the discs between the vertebrae of the spinal column deteriorates or breaks down, leading to pain. There may be weakness, numbness, and pain that radiates down the leg.
Cervical stenosis is a condition in which the spinal canal is too small for the spinal cord and nerve roots. This can cause damage to the spinal cord, a condition called myelopathy, or pinch nerves as they exit the spinal canal.
Spondylolysis is a crack or stress fracture in one of the vertebrae, the small bones that make up the spinal column. The injury most often occurs in children and adolescents who participate in sports that involve repeated stress on the lower back, such as gymnastics, football, and weight lifting.
Congenital scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that babies are born with when the vertebrae does not form normally before a baby is born. This type of scoliosis can vary in severity from mild to severe..
Spondylolisthesis is a spinal condition that causes lower back pain. It occurs when one of your vertebrae, the bones of your spine, slips out of place onto the vertebra below it.
Spine tumors comprise a small percentage of reasons for back pain and other symptoms originating in the spine. Benign tumors and tumor-like lesions of the musculoskeletal system are mostly seen in young patients and often cause instability and canal compromise.
Spinal deformity occurs when the curves of the spine differ from the normal, gentle S-shape seen from the side, or the straight line down the back of a normal spine. Spinal deformities may lead to symptoms that include pain, weakness, numbness, tingling, loss of function, and pulmonary and cardiac problems.
Chin on chest syndrome is a specific type of hyperkyphosis. Hyperkyphosis is a spinal deformity in which the upper back curves forward more than normal, creating the appearance of a hump in the back. The curvature of hyperkyphosis typically exceeds 50 degrees.
A herniated disc (also called bulged, slipped or ruptured disc) is a fragment of the nucleus that is pushed out of the annulus, into the spinal canal through a tear or rupture in the annulus.
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spaces within your spine, which can put pressure on the nerves that travel through the spine. This occurs most often in the lower back and the neck.
Kyphosis is an excessive outward curvature of the spine, causing hunching of the back.
This type of scoliosis usually starts after age 50 as the spine continues to naturally degenerate, or wear out, due to aging.
Pediatric scoliosis is a condition in which a child’s spine abnormally curves sideways or rotates. Scoliosis can range from mild to severe.
Revision Surgery is performed to replace or compensate for a failed implant or to correct a of previous surgery.
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, also called AIS, is a condition that affects children between the age of 10 and young adulthood and is characterized by the presence of an abnormal curve of the spine to the right or the left in the shape of an S or a C.
Kyphoscoliosis is an abnormal curve of the spine on two planes: the coronal plane, or side to side, and the sagittal plane, or back to front. It’s a combined spinal abnormality of two other conditions: kyphosis and scoliosis.
Cervical radiculopathy is when a nerve root in the cervical spine becomes inflamed or damaged, resulting in a change in neurological function. Neurological deficits, such as numbness, altered reflexes, or weakness, may radiate anywhere from the neck into the shoulder, arm, hand, or fingers.
Although it mostly occurs at the upper cervical spine, all vertebrae from the occiput to T1 may be involved. It may be acute or chronic, occurring secondary to trauma or due to congenital anomaly, skeletal or metabolic dystrophy or rheumatoid arthritis.
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